Removal of Wisdom Teeth

Oral Surgeon in Havre de Grace, MD

Wisdom teeth are the third and last permanent molars to develop, usually in your late teens or early twenties. Sometimes these teeth erupt into the mouth and are properly aligned, but most often they are misaligned and require removal.

Many people’s jaws are too small for wisdom teeth to erupt into the mouth and the teeth often become impacted (unable to fully erupt). They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, or remain trapped beneath the gum and bone.

Impacted wisdom teeth can become infected, leading to swelling, stiffness, pain, and fever. Pressure from erupting wisdom teeth may disrupt the natural alignment of other teeth. Partially erupted wisdom teeth are prone to tooth decay and gum disease. More seriously, tumors or cysts can form around impacted wisdom teeth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy adjacent teeth.

Your dentist may recommend removal of your wisdom teeth before problems develop. This is especially true in your teenage years, when the wisdom teeth’s roots are not fully developed and the surrounding bone is less dense. At this stage, surgical risks, potential complications, and post-operative recovery time are reduced. Studies have documented that early treatment results in a superior outcome following surgery.

Your Dental Evaluation

During your initial visit, Dr. Spector will evaluate your x-rays, perform a complete oral examination, and review your dental and medical history. He will evaluate the need for removal of your wisdom teeth and the potential risks and complications involved with your surgery. Dr. Spector will discuss your options for anesthesia  (local anesthesia, a combination of local anesthesia and laughing gas, IV sedation, or general anesthesia) and discuss what you can expect after surgery. Following your evaluation, we will review your pre-operative instructions and schedule your surgery appointment.

The Surgical Procedure

The surgical approach will vary depending on the position of your wisdom teeth. An incision is frequently made in the gum and is closed with dissolvable sutures. Upon discharge, you will receive post-operative instructions, extra gauze pads, a prescription for pain medication, and possibly a prescription for an antibiotic.

We provide surgery in a safe environment, utilizing modern monitoring equipment and surgical team members who are experienced in anesthesia techniques.

Surgical Removal of Teeth

We routinely perform the surgical removal of severely decayed, fractured, or infected teeth. As with wisdom teeth, these teeth can be removed under local anesthesia, a combination of local anesthesia and laughing gas, IV sedation, or general anesthesia.